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Apostille Information

 

 

Apostille is certificate which verifies and confirms the seal and signature of person who authenticated the document . Some people call this 'superlegalisation'. There are designated authorities in every country to issue apostille certificates or legalisation. Apostilles are commonly issued for various documents related to adoption cases, for commercial documents, for official documents related to vital statistics, and for court records, land records, school documents and patent applications.

Not all countries can issue apostille, but only the countries who had signed 'hague agreement for abolishing the need for public documents'. Once apostille is obtained, it is automatically considered 'valid' and 'acceptable' in all the 98 hague convention countries. Some small territories or notably some countries, very well recognise apostille, eventhough they cannot issue apostille. See: Hague Convention Website. If the country where the document will be used is not a party to the Convention, you will have to begin the cumbersome, time-consuming process of obtaining a series of certifications known as the "legalisation".

Documents issued from one country, cannot be simply considered valid in another foreign country. Even sometimes a documents authenticated by public notaries cannot be accepted. you will be asked to obtain 'apostille' or 'legalisation', only then it will be considered valid. Ex. Powers of attorney, affidavits, birth, death and marriages records, incorporation papers, deeds, patent applications, home studies and other legal papers.

The following are considered as public deeds within the meaning of that Hague Convention:

  • Any document issued by an authority or by an official covered by a jurisdiction of the State, including those coming from the public prosecutor, a clerk of the court or a bailiff;
  • Administrative documents such as deeds from the public records office;
  • Notarial deeds;
  • Official declarations such as references of registration, visas for a set date and certifications of signature, applied to private agreements.

* No reference in the list alongside the name of the country: the ordinary legalisation procedure applies

Country Notarial deeds/Literal copies/extracts from documents held at the public records office
   
AFGHANISTAN
ALBANIA
Apostille
ALGERIA
ANDORRA
Apostille
ANGOLA
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
Apostille
ARGENTINA
Apostille
ARMENIA
Apostille
AUSTRALIA
Apostille
AUSTRIA
Apostille
AZERBEIJAN
BAHAMAS
Apostille
BAHRAIN
BANGLADESH
BARBADOS
Apostille
BELARUS
Apostille
BELGIUM
Apostille
BELIZE
Apostille
BENIN
BHUTAN
BIRMA / MYANMAR
BOLIVIA
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
Legalised/ Apostille
BOTSWANA
Apostille
BRAZIL
BRUNEI
Apostille
BULGARIA
Apostille
BURKINA FASO
BURUNDI
CABINDA ENCLAVE (ANGOLA)
CAMBODIA
CAMEROON
CANADA
CANARIES (SPAIN)
Apostille
CAPE VERDE
CENTRAL-AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CHILE
CHINA
COLOMBIA
Apostille
COMOROS
CONGO (DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC)
CONGO (REPUBLIC)
COSTA RICA
CROATIA
Legalised/ Apostille
CUBA
CYPRUS
Apostille
CZECH REPUBLIC
Legalised/ Apostille
DENMARK
DJIBOUTI
DOMINICA
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
EAST-TIMOR
ECUADOR
EGYPT
EL SALVADOR
Apostille
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ESTONIA
Apostille
ETHIOPIA
FALKLANDS (UNITED KINGDOM)
Apostille
FERNANDO POO (EQUATORIAL GUINEA)
FIDJI
Apostille
FINLAND
Apostille
FRANCE
Apostille
FRENCH-GUYANA (FRANCE)
Apostille
GABON
GAMBIA
GEORGIA
GERMANY
Apostille
GHANA
GIBRALTAR (UNITED KINGDOM)
Apostille
GREAT BRITAIN (UNITED KINGDOM)
Apostille
GREECE
Apostille
GRENADA
Apostille
GUATEMALA
GUINEA BISSAU
GUINEA REPUBLIC
GUYANA
HAITI
HOLY SEE
HONDURAS REP
HONG KONG (CHINA)
Apostille
HUNGARY
Apostille
ICELAND
Apostille
INDIA
INDONESIA
IRAN
IRAQ
IRELAND
Apostille
ISRAEL
Apostille
ITALY
Apostille
IVORY COAST
JAMAICA
JAPAN
Apostille
JORDAN
KAZAKHSTAN
Apostille
KENYA
KYRGHISTAN
KIRIBATI
KUWAIT
LAOS, PEOPLE DR
LATVIA
Apostille
LEBANON
LESOTHO
Apostille
LIBERIA
LIBYA
LIECHTENSTEIN
Apostille
LITHUANIA
Apostille
LUXEMBOURG
MACAO
Apostille
MACEDONIA (FORMER YGOSLAG REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA°
Apostille
MADAGASCAR DR
MADEIRA (PORTUGAL)
Apostille
MALAWI
Apostille
MALAYSIA
MALDIVE
MALI REP
MALTA
Apostille
MARSHAL ISANDS
Apostille
MAURITANIA
MAURITIUS
Apostille
MAYOTTE (FRANCE)
Apostille
MEXICO
Apostille
MICRONESIA
MOLDAVIA
MONACO
Apostille
MONGOLIA
MOROCCO
MOZAMBIQUE
NAMIBIA
Apostille
NAURU
NEPAL
NETHERLANDS
Apostille
NEW ZEALAND
Apostille
NGWANE (UNITED KINGDOM
Apostille
NICARAGUA
NIGER REP
NIGERIA (NAIRA-O)
NORTH-KOREA
NORWAY
Apostille
OMAN, SULTANATE OF
PAKISTAN
PALAU
PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES
PANAMA
Apostille
PAPOEA-NEW-GUINEA
PARAGUAY
PERU
PHILIPPINES
POLAND
PORTUGAL
Legalised/ Apostille
QATAR
REUNION (FRANCE)
Apostille
ROMANIA
Legalised/ Apostille
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Apostille
RWANDA
SAINT HELENA (UNITED KINGDOM)
Apostille
SAINT LUCIA
Apostille
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
Apostille
SAINTS KITTS AND NEVIS
Apostille
Samoa, Western
Apostille
SAN MARINO
Apostille
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
SAUDI-ARABIA
SENEGAL
SEYCHELLES
Apostille
SIERRA LEONE
SINGAPORE
SLOVAKIA
Apostille
SLOVENIA
Apostille
SOLOMON ISLANDS
SOMALI REP
SOUTH AFRICA
Apostille
SOUTH-KOREA
SPAIN
Apostille
SRI LANKA
SUDAN
SURINAM
Apostille
SWEDEN
Legalised/ Apostille
SWITZERLAND
Apostille
SYRIA
TADJIKISTAN
TAIWAN
TANZANIA
TCHAD
THAILAND
TOGO,REP
TONGA ISLANDS
Apostille
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
Apostille
TUNISIA
TURKEY
Legalised/ Apostille
TURKMENISTAN
TUVALU
UGANDA
UKRAINE
Apostille
UNITED ARAB EMIRATS
URUGUAY
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Apostille
UZBEKISTAN
VANUATU
VENEZUELA
Apostille
VIETNAM
WESTERN-SAHARA
YEMEN
YUGOSLAVIA
Apostille
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE

Links

http://www.hcch.e-vision.nl
Apostille Discussion Forums
http://travel.state.gov/authentication.html